Dhrishtadyumna: The Person Who Killed Guru Drona

Dhrishtadyumna is a prominent character in the Mahabharata. He was the son of King Drupada of Panchala. King Draupada was married to Prishati, but they do not have any offspring.

King Drupada, desiring a son who could slay Drona, performed a yajna (sacrificial fire) to obtain such a son.  Born from the sacrificial fire, Dhristadyumna was as radiant as the fire itself with mighty arms, natural armor, sword and bow and arrows. When gods planned to reincarnate in the earth to support Vishnu, Maharatha Dhrishtadyumna was born from Agni’s part. The mighty hero was born with a bow in his hand, for Drona’s destruction.

FatherKing Draupada
MotherPrishati ; emerged from a yajna (sacrificial fire)
SisterDraupadi (twin-sister)
AchievementKilling of Drona

Dhrishtata” signifies courage and confidence, while “dyumna” denotes splendor, glory, or luster. Thus, considering his exceptional courage and his birth from splendor, this son of Drupada was named Dhrishtadyumna. This same yanja also gave birth to Krishna (Draupadi) twin-sister of Dhrishtadyumna and wife of Pandavas. 

Education and Training 

Dhristadyumna was one of the wise disciple of Drona. Dhrishtadyumna received extensive education and training in warfare in the house of Drona. His archery, swordsmanship, and other martial arts skills were honed to perfection.

Dhrishtadyumna learned the skills to wield various weapons from Drona, the son of Bharadvaja. Drona knew his destiny and wanted to ensure his deeds would become famous.

Draupadi’s swayamvara

At Draupadi’s swayamvara, Dhrishtadyumna detailed the process of stringing the bow and hitting the target. He declared that any king or mighty warrior capable of completing this task would earn the right to marry Draupadi.

Read in detail about Draupadi swayamvara here

Killing of Guru Drona 

Dhrishtadyumna is credited with killing Drona during the Kurukshetra War. Drona, the guru (teacher) of both the Kauravas and Pandavas, fought on the side of the Kauravas. As the battle raged on, Drona became a formidable force on the battlefield, and it became increasingly difficult to counter his prowess.

To circumvent this challenge, the Pandavas hatched a plan to ensure Drona’s defeat. Bhima killed an elephant named Ashwatthama (which coincidentally shared the same name as Drona’s son), and Yudhishthira, the eldest Pandava, confirmed to Drona that Ashwatthama was dead. However, Yudhishthira’s statement was followed by a whispered clarification that it was the elephant and not Drona’s son who had perished.

Drona, emotionally devastated by the false news of his son’s death, lost his will to fight. Seizing this moment, Dhrishtadyumna, took advantage of Drona’s vulnerability and engaged him in battle. Dhrishtadyumna ultimately killed Drona, fulfilling his destined role in the war. 

Besides his role in Drona’s death, Dhrishtadyumna also demonstrated his leadership skills on the battlefield. He led the Panchala army and was crucial in various skirmishes and strategic maneuvers. His martial prowess and strategic acumen made him a formidable figure on the Pandava side.

Dhrishtadyumna’s fate was not limited to the slaying of Drona. Tragically, he also met his end in the Kurukshetra War. He was killed by Ashwatthama, Drona’s son, who sought revenge for his father’s death.


Dhrishtadyumna’s character in the Mahabharata is a fascinating study of destiny, duty, and the complexities of war. Born with a specific purpose, he fulfilled his destiny by slaying Drona, a pivotal moment in the epic. 

However, the tragic turn of events also marked his death at the hands of Ashwatthama, highlighting the cyclical nature of violence and revenge in the Mahabharata. 

Why Hindu

We, a group of youths born into Hindu families, were raised in the rich culture of Vedic Sanatan Dharma, embracing its cultures and traditions. Post-graduation, recognizing the immense value of our Sanatan Dharma for humanity, we initiated the "Why Hindu" project. With guidance from our elders, we aim to create awareness about Hindu Dharma, delve into Vedic scripture, explore Vedic mantras, and elucidate the significance of festivals. Through this endeavor, we strive to share the profound teachings of our heritage, fostering understanding and appreciation for the timeless principles of Sanatan Dharma.

Recent Posts