Jatakarma: Birth Ceremonies in Hinduism

The birth ceremony begins before a baby is born, as rituals and prayers are recited to protect the fetus from illness or harm. In some traditions, the father performs a ceremony immediately after birth. He uses honey to write the sacred Sanskrit symbol, om, onto the infant’s tongue. The symbol is written in the hope that the child will be honest and speak only the truth.

At the time of the birth ceremony of a son, Brahmanas utter the following mantra from the Vedas

अङ्गादङ्गात् सम्भवसि हृदयादभिजायसे।
आत्मा वै पुत्रनामासि स जीव शरदां शतम्॥
Angaadangaat sambhavasi hridayaadadhijayase
Atma vai putranamaasi sa jiva saradassatham

Translation in English

“Angaadangaat” means from limbs.
“Sambhavasi” means you are born.
“Hridayaad” means from the heart.
“Adhijayase” means you arise.
“Atma” means soul or self.
“Vai” is an emphatic particle.
“Putranamaasi” means you are named as a child.
“Sa” means he or that.
“Jiva” means a living being.
“Saradassatham” means eternally.


You are born from my limbs, from my heart, and you are me in the form of a son. May you live for a hundred autumns. My life depends on you and my eternal lineage. Therefore, my son, live in happiness for a hundred autumns.

One week or so after the birth, the baby’s name is formally given in the Naamkaran Sanskar. It is usually the name of a favorite god or goddess and is whispered into the child’s ear.

A Hindu girl will have an ear-piercing ceremony in the first few years of her life.

Both boys and girls will also have their first haircut in the Mundan Sanskar, symbolizing renewal and the shedding of wrongdoings that may have been committed in past lives.

Why Hindu

We, a group of youths born into Hindu families, were raised in the rich culture of Vedic Sanatan Dharma, embracing its cultures and traditions. Post-graduation, recognizing the immense value of our Sanatan Dharma for humanity, we initiated the "Why Hindu" project. With guidance from our elders, we aim to create awareness about Hindu Dharma, delve into Vedic scripture, explore Vedic mantras, and elucidate the significance of festivals. Through this endeavor, we strive to share the profound teachings of our heritage, fostering understanding and appreciation for the timeless principles of Sanatan Dharma.

Recent Posts